Author: Firstpost

A team of scientists studying quantum physics believe that time travel is possible, but not in the way that we have been imagining.Instead, a new approach to travel through time, of that of 'quantum entanglement,' holds the highest possibility of being proven trueIn the ever-mysterious realm of quantum physics, reality unfolds under rules vastly different from our classical world.This quantum domain allows for phenomena that range from the fantastical to the bizarrely ordinary.Recently, physicists ventured into the intriguing concept of “time travel” by using quantum entanglement, albeit in a purely theoretical exercise.It’s crucial to emphasize that no quantum particles actually travelled back in time.The research in question is what physicists call a Gedankenexperiment, a term popularized by Albert Einstein to denote a theoretical study conducted in lieu of practical experiments.Such thought experiments prove invaluable when exploring the boundaries of physics, especially when dealing with scenarios involving particles moving at the speed of light.Related ArticlesThis particular study delves into the intriguing notion of closed timelike curves (CTCs), which represent a hypothetical path leading backwards in time. CTCs essentially trace the worldline of a particle’s existence in spacetime but in reverse.Notably, renowned physicist Stephen Hawking postulated in his 1992 “Chronology protection conjecture” that the laws of physics prohibit the existence of closed timelike curves, rendering time travel impossible.Nevertheless, a recent study suggests that CTCs can be probabilistically simulated through quantum-teleportation circuits.The researchers’ Gedankenexperiment unfolds as follows: Physicists subject photonic probes to quantum interactions, resulting in specific measurable outcomes.Based on these outcomes, they can retroactively determine what input would have yielded an optimal result, essentially applying hindsight to the experiment.However, since the results stem from quantum operations, the researchers can use quantum entanglement to modify the values of the quantum probe, thus improving the outcome even after the operation has concluded.The team demonstrated that it would be possible to “probabilistically improve one’s past choice.” This concept, while intriguing, has not yet been put into practice.In their study, the apparent time travel effect would occur one time in four, with a 75 per cent failure rate.To address this high failure rate, the team proposes sending a large number of entangled photons and using a filter to ensure that photons with corrected information pass through while discarding the outdated particles.David Arvidsson-Shukur, a quantum physicist at the University of Cambridge and the study’s lead author, noted that the experiment appears unsolvable with standard physics, which follows the conventional arrow of time. Quantum entanglement, however, seems capable of generating scenarios that mimic time travel.The peculiar behaviours of quantum particles, distinct from macroscopic phenomena, provide physicists with a valuable means of probing the fundamental nature of our reality.Quantum entanglement, which describes the interdependence of properties between two or more quantum particles, is one such aspect of quantum physics that continues to fascinate scientists.This recent exploration of “effective time travel” via quantum entanglement serves as a means to investigate time-related concepts without venturing into the uncharted territories of the universe’s rules and regulations.The study’s co-author, Nicole Yunger Halpern, a physicist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Maryland at College Park, stated, “Whether closed timelike curves exist in reality, we don’t know.The laws of physics that we know of allow for the existence of CTCs, but those laws are incomplete; most glaringly, we don’t have a theory of quantum gravity.” While the existence of genuine closed timelike curves remains uncertain, the study showcases how entanglement can simulate them, shedding new light on the intricacies of quantum mechanics.In essence, this research is not concerned with the practicality of time travel but rather with leveraging the unique properties of the quantum realm to explore the boundaries of our understanding of the universe.